"It is better to have an imperfect agreement than an unlimited escalation," says Celso Amorim about the war in Ukraine

"Where could this escalation end? Perhaps within ourselves," warned the special advisor to the presidency for International Affairs during a meeting to discuss the war

Ex-chanceler Celso Amorim dá entrevista à Reuters em São Paulo 18/10/2022
Ex-chanceler Celso Amorim dá entrevista à Reuters em São Paulo 18/10/2022 (Foto: REUTERS/Carla Carniel)

247 - According to Celso Amorim, the special advisor to the presidency for International Affairs, a potential agreement to end the war in Ukraine will require a redefinition of security by Western and Russian powers, along with the establishment of a new understanding between these two blocs that have been traditional rivals for centuries. During a virtual meeting that brought together about 40 countries to discuss possible political solutions to the crisis, Amorim expressed his concern about the dangerous trajectory that the crisis is taking. The summit, organized by the Saudis, included participation from emerging countries and the G7, and notably, China joined the dialogue while the Russians remained distant.

In a conversation with UOL's Jamil Chade after the meeting, Amorim, who has also held positions as Foreign Minister and Defense Minister, emphasized that at this moment it is better to have "an imperfect agreement than an unlimited escalation." "Where could this escalation end? Maybe with ourselves," he warned. He stressed that the West needs to recognize that the conflict goes beyond Ukrainian borders, representing a chapter in the longstanding rivalry between Russia and the West, as expressed in his speech to other government leaders. "This is not just a conflict between Russia and Ukraine. This is also a chapter in the centuries-old rivalry between Russia and the West. (...) Negotiations should include the broader issue of security balance in Europe."

Amorim advocated for the need for negotiations that address a broader perspective of security in Europe, a new political, diplomatic, and military arrangement that establishes the boundaries of influence between the West and Russia, and redefines the concept of European collective security.

Diplomats present at the meeting revealed that other emerging countries supported Amorim's vision. A new development was the indication from Western powers that the war should be understood in a broader context.

At the end of the meeting under Saudi auspices, it was decided that governments would consider forming working groups to address specific issues. However, Amorim emphasized that such a proposal makes no sense without the inclusion of Russians in the dialogue, pointing to the possibility of exploring cooperation on the issue of food supply.

Currently, there is no set date for a new round of negotiations. Amorim argued that despite the challenging military scenario, the path of dialogue should not be abandoned, and he continues to advocate for a pragmatic approach amid the complexities and uncertainties at hand.

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